A Journey of Discovery

The last decade has seen the transformation of my home’s typical, urban yard from it’s foundation shrubbery, imported plants and groundcovers to a place of refuge for native plants. On these pages I hope to share this journey and to collaborate with any others who are on the same path.

The database of my plants in the tabs below is mostly for my own reference, and the photo albums shown on the right give me a place to document the garden’s changes.

This list of plants is pulled from the xml database of my (android) phone’s Plant Recorder app. This first tab lists each plant’s common and Latin names. The Types include “Perennials”, “Shrubs”, “Ferns” and “Trees”. The No corresponds roughly to the order in which I acquired the plants, or perhaps documented them. The list can be sorted by any column and also expanded to 100 lines.

NoBedNameGenusSpeciesVarietyType
001HG1Tulip TreeLiriodendrontulipifera L.---T
002HG1Native Creeping Euonymous---------P
003HG1Orange Milkweed, ButterflyweedAsclepiastuberosa---P
004HG1Butterfly WeedAsclepiastuberosa---P
005HG1Pink (Swamp) MilkweedAesclepiasincarnata L.---P
006HG1Pink Chelone (Turtlehead)Cheloneobliqua---P
007HG1Prairie SmokeGeumtriflorum---P
008HG1TickseedCoreopsislanceolata---P
009HG1TickseedCoreoposislanceolataEnchanted EveP
010HG1YarrowAchilleamillefoiumTerra CottaP
012HG1Prairie ConeflowerRatibidacolumnifera---P
013HG1Black-eyed SusanRudbeckiahirtapulcherrimaP
014HG1Black Eyed SusanRudbeckiahirta---P
045HG1Coneflower Wild BerryEchinaceapurpureaWild BerryP
050HG1double------------
081HG1Tickseed "Enchanted Eve"Coreopsis---Enchanted EveP
085HG1Whorled MilkweedAscelpsiasverticillata---P
086HG1Wild Berry ConeflowerEchinaceapurpureaWild BerryP
087HG1---Jethro Tull TickseedCoreopsis---Jethro TullP
088HG1Swamp MilkweedAsclepiasincarnata---P
112HG1New plant------------
114HG1Fern---------F
123HG1Yarrow---------P
124HG1Rudbeckia hirta Prairie Sun †---------P
124HG1Rudbeckia hirta Prairie Sun †---------P
125HG1Plant------------
126HG1Plant------------
128HG1Plant------------
129HG1Plant------------
150HG1---------------
015HG2Clump Paper Birch -Betulapapyrifera---T
016HG2Slowmound Mugo PinePinusmugoSlowmoundS
017HG2Jane Kluis Japanese White PinePinusdensifloraJane KluisS
018HG2Woodland StrawberryFragariavesca---P
020HG2Early Meadow RueThalictrumdioicum---P
021HG2BunchberryCornusCanadensis---P
022HG2Nodding OnionAlliumcernuum---P
023HG2BloodrootSanguinariaindigene---P
024HG2Wild GeraniumGeraniummaculatum---P
026HG2BloodrootSanguinariacanadensis---P
028HG2Canada AnemoneAnemonecanadensis---P
029HG2Helen's FlowerHeleniumautumnale---P
031HG2Wild BergamotMonardafistulosa---P
064HG2Eastern Red ColumbineAquilegiacanadensis---P
071HG2Zagreb Threadleaf CoreopsisCoreopsisverticillataZagrebP
127HG2Zagreb Threadleaf Coreopsis---------P
131HG2Plant---------P
132HG2Plant---------P
133HG2Plant---------P
134HG2Plant---------P
019HG3Cardinal FlowerLobeliacardinalis---P
030HG3New England AsterSymphyotrichumnovae-angliae---P
034HG3BonesetEupatroiumperfoliatum---P
035HG3Prairie DockSilphiumterebinthinaceum---P
038HG3Pennsylvania SedgeCarexpensylvanica---G
042HG3Cardinal FlowerLobeliaspeciosaVulcan RedP
051HG3Pussy ToesAntennariaPlantaginifolia---P
054HG3Blue Flag IrisIrisversicolor---P
055HG3Obedient PlantPhysostegiavirginiana---P
059HG3Wild GingerAsarumcanadens---P
060HG3Praire MallowSidalcea---BrilliantP
061HG3CinquefoilPotentillareptans---P
113HG3Pennsylvania Sedge---------G
121HG3Pennsylvania Sedge---------G
063HG4Wood PoppyStylophorumdiphyllum---P
066HG4WintergreenGualtheriaprocumbens---P
068HG4BloodrootSanguinariacanadensis---P
069HG4Sweet WoodruffGaliumodoratum---P
072HG4Meadow SweetFilipendulaulmariaVenustaP
074HG4Tsuga CanadensisTsugacanadensisSherwood CompactS
076HG4Lady FernAathyriumfelis-femina---F
079HG4Pinus StrobusPinusstrobusPendulaS
082HG4Buffalo JuniperJuniperussabinaBuffaloS
083HG4Goat's BeardAruncusdiocius---P
084HG4St. John's WortHypericumperforatum---P
089HG4Marsh MarigoldCalthapalustris L.---P
130HG4St. John's WortHypericumperforatum---P
041HG5GauraGauralindheimeriPink FountainP
049HG5Leslie Slinger HeatherCallunavulgarisLeslie SlingerP
135HG5Bloody Cranesbill---------P
136HG5Bloody Cranesbill---------P
137HG5Wood PoppyStylophorumdiphyllum---P
138HG5Pink ColumbineAquilegiavulgarisPink FlamingoP
139HG5Purple ColumbineAquilegiavulgarisPurpleP
140HG5Pink ColumbineAquilegiavulgarisPink FlamingoP
141HG5Pink ColumbineAquilegiavulgarisPink FlamingoP
142HG5Pink ColumbineAquilegiavulgarisPink FlamingoP
143HG5Pink ColumbineAquilegiavulgarisPink FlamingoP
144HG5Peony---------P
145HG5Peony---------P
047HG6Red TrilliumTrilliumerectum---P
048HG6White TrilliumTrilliumgrandiflorum---P
090HG6Black CohoshActaearacemosa---P
091HG6Heart Leaf SkullcapScutellaria------P
092HG6Anemone canadensis---------P
093HG6Solomon's SealPolygonatumbiflorum---P
094HG6Bloodroot---------P
095HG6Barren StrawberryWaldsteinia ternata------P
096HG6Aguilegia canadensis---------P
097HG6Jacob's LadderPolemoniumreptans---P
098HG6Cardinal FlowerLobeliacardinalis---P
099HG6Golden GroundselPackeraaurea---P
100HG6Christmas FernPolystichumacrostichoides---F
101HG6Fern---------F
102HG6Jack in the pulpit---------P
103HG6Fern---------F
104HG6Fern---------F
105HG6Fern---------F
106HG6Fern---------F
107HG6New plant------------
109HG6Fern---------F
110HG6Fern---------F
111HG6Fern---------F
115HG6Fern---------F
116HG6Anemone canadensis---------P
117HG6Fern---------F
118HG6Fern---------F
119HG6Grass---------G
120HG6Strawberry---------P
122HG6Jack in the pulpit---------P
040HG9Pig SqueakBergeniacrassifoliaEden's Dark MarginP
044HG9Bloody CranesbillGeraniumsanguineum---P
046HG9Midnight Rose HeucheraHeuchera---Midnight Rosep
062HG9BeardtonguePenstemmon------P
065HG9BloodrootSanguinariacanadensis---P
146HG9---------------
147HG9---------------
148HG9---------------
149HG9---------------
151HG9---------------
152HG9---------------
011xHG1Rudbeckia hirta Prairie Sun †RudbeckiahirtaPrairie SunP
080xHG1Threadleaf CoreopsisCoreopsisverticillataZagrebP
025xHG2Pearly Everlasting †Anaphalismargrit---P
027xHG2Canada ColumbineAquilegiacanadensis---P
070xHG2BearberryAcrtospaphylosuva-ursi---P
032xHG3Wild Lily-of-the-ValleyMaianthemumcanadense---P
033xHG3SpicebushLinderabenzoin---S
036xHG3Red Switch GrassPanicumvirgatumBlood BrothersG
037xHG3Prairie DropseedSporabalushetereoopsis---G
039xHG3Button BushCephalanthusoccidentalis---S
052xHG3Switch Grass---------G
053xHG3Canadian Wild RyeElymuscanadensis---G
056xHG3Foam FlowerTiarellawerryi---P
057xHG3Indian GrassSorghastrumnutans---G
058xHG3WintergreenGualtheriaprocumbens---P
067xHG4BunchberryCornuscanadensis---P
073xHG4DaylilyHemerocallis---Stella d'OroP
075xHG4Ostrich FernMatteucciastruthiopteris---F
077xHG4Northern Maidenhair FernAdiantumpedatum---f
078xHG4Ostrich FernMatteucciastruthiopteris---F

This Plant Info tab includes links to Photos of plants, either from my own garden or found on the web. The Src and Year document where from and when the plant was acquired. The Bed, Y and X codes show me each plant’s location. The Bed codes are illustrated on the Garden Plan tab. The Y and X coordinates roughly indicate the plant’s position within each Bed. Y increases from north to south (top to bottom) and X from West to East (left to right).

NoPhotoSrcYearNameBedYX
001PhotoCity2013Tulip TreeHG113
002PhotoNCN2016Native Creeping EuonymousHG133
003NCN2016Orange Milkweed, ButterflyweedHG134
004GN2018Butterfly WeedHG134
005NCN2016Pink (Swamp) MilkweedHG134
006PhotoNCN2016Pink Chelone (Turtlehead)HG123
007PhotoVN, MEP2014Prairie SmokeHG144
008PhotoVN2014TickseedHG144
009GN2018TickseedHG134
010PhotoVN2014YarrowHG143
011PhotoVN2014Rudbeckia hirta Prairie Sun †xHG111
012VN2014Prairie ConeflowerHG148
013WF2017Black-eyed SusanHG158
014SF2018Black Eyed SusanHG158
015CN2014Clump Paper Birch -HG243
016PhotoCN2014Slowmound Mugo PineHG222
017CN2014Jane Kluis Japanese White PineHG225
018PhotoMEP2017Woodland StrawberryHG214
019MEP2017Cardinal FlowerHG3-19
020MEP2017Early Meadow RueHG2718
021PhotoMG2018BunchberryHG2123
022PhotoMEP2017Nodding OnionHG214
023------BloodrootHG2818
024PhotoVN2014Wild GeraniumHG232
025PhotoVN2014Pearly Everlasting †xHG2520
026VN, MG---BloodrootHG2917
027PhotoVN, MG---Canada ColumbinexHG235
028PhotoVN2014Canada AnemoneHG223
029PhotoWF2017Helen's FlowerHG233
030PhotoWF2017New England AsterHG332
031PhotoWF2017Wild BergamotHG224
032MEP2017Wild Lily-of-the-ValleyxHG3411
033PhotoMEP2017SpicebushxHG3311
034PhotoMEP2017BonesetHG322
035PhotoMEP2017Prairie DockHG313
036PhotoSE2018Red Switch GrassxHG3411
037MG2018Prairie DropseedxHG3511
038PhotoSF2018Pennsylvania SedgeHG324
039SF2018Button BushxHG3511
040PhotoSE2018Pig SqueakHG91823
041PhotoSE2018GauraHG5-818
042PhotoGN2018Cardinal FlowerHG379
044PhotoGN2018Bloody CranesbillHG9328
045PhotoGN2018Coneflower Wild BerryHG1158
046PhotoGN2018Midnight Rose HeucheraHG92023
047PhotoVN2014Red TrilliumHG623
048PhotoVN2014White TrilliumHG622
049PhotoVN2014Leslie Slinger HeatherHG534
050SF2018doubleHG1178
051PhotoSF2018Pussy ToesHG324
052SF2018Switch GrassxHG3611
053PhotoSF2018Canadian Wild RyexHG3711
054PhotoSF2018Blue Flag IrisHG324
055PhotoSF2018Obedient PlantHG322
056PhotoSF2018Foam FlowerxHG326
057PhotoSF2018Indian GrassxHG3711
058PhotoSF2018WintergreenxHG315
059PhotoSF2018Wild GingerHG3129
060PhotoSF2018Praire MallowHG3139
061PhotoSF2018CinquefoilHG3139
062PhotoSF2018BeardtongueHG91411
063PhotoMG2018Wood PoppyHG4-52
064PhotoMG2018Eastern Red ColumbineHG235
065PhotoMG2018BloodrootHG92623
066MG2019WintergreenHG4412
067PhotoMG2019BunchberryxHG4-61
068MG2019BloodrootHG41616
069PhotoMG2019Sweet WoodruffHG442
070PhotoMG2019BearberryxHG254
071Photo---2018Zagreb Threadleaf CoreopsisHG241
072PhotoSE2019Meadow SweetHG414
073SE2019DaylilyxHG41818
074VN2018Tsuga CanadensisHG441
075PhotoMG2019Ostrich FernxHG42018
076PhotoMG2019Lady FernHG41818
077Photo---2019Northern Maidenhair FernxHG41918
078SE2019Ostrich FernxHG41918
079VN2018Pinus StrobusHG424
080VN2018Threadleaf CoreopsisxHG15-8
081PhotoVN2018Tickseed "Enchanted Eve"HG154
082VN2018Buffalo JuniperHG423
083Photo------Goat's BeardHG433
084Photo------St. John's WortHG435
085------Whorled MilkweedHG134
086Photo------Wild Berry ConeflowerHG122
087Photo---------Jethro Tull TickseedHG143
088Photo------Swamp MilkweedHG134
089Photo------Marsh MarigoldHG432
090Photo------Black CohoshHG678
091Photo------Heart Leaf SkullcapHG676
092------Anemone canadensisHG662
093Photo------Solomon's SealHG673
094------BloodrootHG671
095------Barren StrawberryHG653
096------Aguilegia canadensisHG654
097Photo------Jacob's LadderHG644
098Photo------Cardinal FlowerHG634
099Photo------Golden GroundselHG642
100Photo------Christmas FernHG647
101------FernHG637
102------Jack in the pulpitHG659
103------FernHG646
104------FernHG635
105------FernHG635
106------FernHG636
107------New plantHG634
109------FernHG643
110------FernHG644
111------FernHG634
112------New plantHG1103
113PhotoSF2018Pennsylvania SedgeHG323
114------FernHG146-6
115------FernHG677
116------Anemone canadensisHG662
117------FernHG633
118------FernHG644
119------GrassHG651
120------StrawberryHG652
121PhotoSF2018Pennsylvania SedgeHG324
122------Jack in the pulpitHG6-306
123PhotoVN2014YarrowHG153
124PhotoCT2021Rudbeckia hirta Prairie Sun †HG112
124PhotoCT2021Rudbeckia hirta Prairie Sun †HG122
125------PlantHG123
126------PlantHG123
127Photo---2018Zagreb Threadleaf CoreopsisHG2212
128------PlantHG122
129------PlantHG124
130Photo------St. John's WortHG4-22
131------PlantHG252
132------PlantHG242
133------PlantHG252
134------PlantHG233
135PhotoGN2018Bloody CranesbillHG523
136PhotoGN2018Bloody CranesbillHG543
137------Wood PoppyHG5133
138------Pink ColumbineHG5143
139------Purple ColumbineHG5153
140------Pink ColumbineHG5131
141------Pink ColumbineHG593
142------Pink ColumbineHG5133
143------Pink ColumbineHG5122
144------PeonyHG5142
145------PeonyHG561
146---------HG94023
147---------HG94023
148---------HG94123
149---------HG94123
150---------HG1378
151---------HG94223
152---------HG94223

This screen shot from my Plant Recorder app is overlaid with garden Bed codes (Home Garden 1-6). It does not show the trees and shrubs.

Here’s the lay of my land in mid-town St. Catharines. Street/sidewalk at the top, the bottom backing onto the green space beside and behind a senior citizens apartment building. When we moved here in in 1999 there was a perennial bed in the backyard (HG5), and an impossible-for-grass area under cedars at the back (HG6) that was full of goutweed, periwinkle and violets. There were two foundation plantings against the front of the house with continually overgrowing shrubs, and a very large, hundred year old silver maple at HG2. When the silver maple was cut down in 2012, this plan slowly began forming in my mind.

Our Tulip tree was planted by the city in 2013 and the next year I created the HG1 garden bed around it, as well as forming the HG2 bed over the recently ground down Silver maple stump. In the latter I planted a birch tree and two conifer shrubs. In 2017 I pulled out the shrubs in front of the house and set posts for two knee walls, three feet out from the foundation. My plans for these beds included a waterfall in HG4. The waterfall was constructed in June of 2018 and the two beds, HG3 and HG4 were extended out from the house. The house faces north, so these gardens get only morning, evening and some high summer sun.

My intention with these front yard garden beds was to make something both native (with plants) and cultivated (landscaped) so that the native plant mindset would be appealing to passers-by. I am trying, more or less, to group plants by ecosystem. So I’ve designated garden beds in this way:

  • HG1 – Carolinian Sun
  • HG2 – Northern Sun
  • HG3 – Carolinian Shade
  • HG4 – Northern Shade

With all of this well established, in 2021, with my wife’s grudging permission, I dug up the back forty (aka HG6), leaving only the ferns, and then planted a dozen or so native shade loving plants for starters. The old perennial bed (HG5) is still a hodge-podge of garden-variety perennials (some invasive).

Related Posts

Garden 1 - Carolinian Sun

Garden 1 - Carolinian Sun

Front yard garden, close to the street sidewalk, anchored by a now large Tulip tree and featuring sun-loving native plants that might be found in a Carolinian setting.
Garden 2 - Northern Sun

Garden 2 - Northern Sun

Front yard garden, close to the street sidewalk, anchored by a birch tree and two conifer shrubs, featuring sun-loving native plants that might be found in a Northern woods.
Garden 3 - Carolinian Shade

Garden 3 - Carolinian Shade

Front yard garden, up against the house, featuring shade tolerant native plants that might be found in a Carolinian setting.
Garden 4 - Northern Shade

Garden 4 - Northern Shade

Front yard garden, up against the house, anchored by a small waterfall, featuring shade tolerant or wet loving native plants that might be found in a Northern woods.

About

Newmaker Notes – writings, photos and collections – by Henry J. de Jong.

Newmaker is the spirit that drives a lifetime of creativity, and is a reflection of the Creator who continues to make all things new.

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